Monthly Archives: February 2018

Finding the Best Location for Your AED

Proper AED Placement

It’s reassuring to note that the United States holds the largest share of automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) in North America, with nearly 90% of the market, and that the AED market is predicted to grow by 6.8% (BusinessWire). Americans are increasingly aware of the dangers posed by sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and understand that AEDs save lives.

What’s less comforting to know is that many AEDs are kept under lock and key or are tucked away in a cluttered, forgotten corner.

According to the American Red Cross, it takes an average of 8-12 minutes for first responders to arrive on the scene after 911 is called. For each minute defibrillation is delayed, the chance of survival is reduced by approximately 10%. In other words, by the time the ambulance arrives with its cargo of lifesaving EMTs and AEDs, it may already be too late.

Make Your AED Visible

Are you ready? Here’s the number one tip for effective AED placement: make it visible! It may sound obvious, but hiding your valuable AED in a corner or stowing it in an office drawer isn’t going to do anyone any good. While it may be tempting to keep your equipment “out of harm’s way,” it’s far more important to make sure your AEDs are visible and are in good working order.

Keep it Simple

When someone shouts “Where’s the AED!?” You’ll want to be able to respond with a quick, clear direction such as “In the lobby!” or “By the elevator!”

Take Stock of Your AED Inventory

Do you have enough AEDs? Most AED manufacturers recommend that facilities have at least one AED per floor. As you consider your options for the best places to put your AED, make a list of central, high-traffic areas or areas where someone is most likely to go into sudden cardiac arrest (on the office treadmill, for example). If you’re not sure where to place your AEDs, Cardio Partners offers Cardiac Preparedness Consulting Services.

Signage is Your Friend

Don’t  let your aesthetic sense get in the way of common sense. Professional signage, with icons, should clearly mark AED locations and direct users to the device.

Ideally, rescuers should be able to assist the victim of an SCA in less than two minutes! AEDs and directional signs should be located in high visibility areas in public buildings and businesses and at social or athletic events.

Accessibility is Critical

AEDs should be readily accessible to all employees and to the public and should be within reach of wheelchair-bound individuals. Your AED cabinet should be mounted in an unobstructed area, 48 inches above the floor, to ensure that anyone can access it in the event of an emergency. Make sure that your employees can reach and remove the AED with one hand to minimize response time.

Be Strategic About AED Placement

Facilities managers should consider placing AEDs in areas where many people work closely together (such as assembly lines or office buildings), near confined spaces, in areas where electric-powered devices are used, and at outdoor worksites where lightning may strike (Health & Safety Institute).

Checklist: AED Placement Guidelines and Recommendations

  • Make sure that your AEDs are located in a clearly marked, brightly illuminated, and unobstructed location.
  • AEDs should be easy to reach and remove with one hand.
  • According to the Americans with Disability Act (ADA) guidelines, the height to reach the handle of an AED should be no more than 48 inches high. The maximum side reach for an unobstructed approach to an AED is 54 inches (CPR Seattle).
  • For maximum efficacy, be sure to train key personnel throughout the building in how to properly use an AED.
  • Regularly inspect your equipment for signs of tampering and to make sure it’s emergency-ready. You may want to consider investing in an AED Compliance Management program or a Preventative Maintenance Program.
  • Consider placing non-latex protective gloves, CPR face masks, scissors, safety razors (to shave the victim’s chest hair, as necessary), absorbent towels, and a first aid kit near your AED.

To learn more about our AED training courses or to purchase an AED, call our team at 866-349-4362 or email Cardio Partners at

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Preparing Your Community to “Stop the Bleed”

Webinar Sponsored by Bound Tree Medical Helps Communities Prepare for Mass Casualty Incidents


On Wednesday, February 22, 2018, at 12:00 p.m. (EST), Bound Tree Medical, sister company to Cardio Partners, will present a webinar titled How to Prepare Communities to “Stop the Bleed.” As a webinar participant, you’ll gain valuable insights on how to prepare your community to effectively handle mass casualty incidents.

Stop the Bleed cultivates grassroots efforts that encourage bystanders to become trained, equipped, and empowered to help in a bleeding emergency — like a gunshot or other emergency trauma — before professional help arrives (Department of Homeland Security). Stop the Bleed is more than a national awareness campaign, it’s a call to action.

Not only will you learn about the importance of the Federal Stop the Bleed program, which was launched in October of 2015 by the White House, but you’ll learn how to ready yourself in the event of a trauma.

During the course of the compelling Journal of Emergency Medical Services (JEMS) webinar, you’ll hear first-hand accounts from the EMS personnel who were onsite at the October 1, 2017 mass shooting in Las Vegas, and you’ll hear how invaluable civilian/bystander support was in controlling severe hemorrhaging that tragic evening.

You’ll also hear from operational managers at Metropolitan Emergency Medical Services in Little Rock about how they secured funding to implement a statewide Stop the Bleed program that involves community stakeholders such as EMS, law enforcement, school nurses, teachers, and church groups. This statewide program helps ensure a safer, more alert environment by training key community members as “First-First Responders.”

This timely webinar will be presented by the National Healthcare Preparedness Programs Senior Medical Advisor Richard Hunt, Arkansas Regional Metropolitan Emergency Medical Service Executive Director Jon Swanson, Special Operations Supervisor and Paramedic Major Clayton Goddard, and Community Ambulance COO Brian Rogers.

How Can You Save a Life and Stop the Bleed?

In light of recent and tragic mass shootings in Las Vegas and in Parkland, Florida, educational opportunities such as the Bound Tree webinar are more important than ever. Even when emergency responders arrive promptly, bystanders will always be first on the scene. Trained individuals who are confident in their ability to respond under emergency conditions can, and do, save lives.

The Office of Health Affairs and Homeland Security has provided a series of simple instructions to help bystanders respond quickly and appropriately should someone close to them suffer from a hemorrhaging wound. These simple steps can stabilize victims until professional medical assistance arrives.

  1. Be aware of your surroundings and move yourself and the injured party to safety, if necessary.
  2. Call 911.
  3. Find where the bleeding is coming from and apply firm, steady pressure to the site with both hands.
  4. Apply firm, steady pressure to the bleeding site with bandages or clothing.
  5. If the bleeding does not stop, place a tourniquet 2-3 inches closer to the torso from the bleeding. If the bleeding still doesn’t stop, place a second tourniquet 2-3 inches closer to the torso than the first tourniquet.

About CuraplexⓇ Stop The Bleed Kits

Approximately 5 million people from around the world die from accidental and non-accidental trauma, making it the leading cause of death among people under the age of 46. A person who is bleeding from an artery can die in as little as 5 minutes (Stop the Bleed).

A Canadian study of deaths due to trauma at a Level 1 trauma center found that up to 16% of deaths would have been preventable with earlier recognition of bleeding and more rapid and effective hemorrhage control (

Stop the Bleed kits are designed to provide the user with immediate access to life-saving products that can control traumatic hemorrhaging. These vacuum-packed and tamper-proof kits include:

  • A permanent marker
  • 2 pairs of gloves, latex-free, large
  • 1 C-A-T® tourniquet
  • 1 emergency bandage
  • Pair of trauma shears, 7.5”
  • 2 rolls of primed, compressed gauze dressing
  • A printed insert which shows instructions for use

Advanced kits may also include 1 Pack of HALO seals and 1 QuikClot combat gauze, 3” x 4 yds.

To learn more about our emergency first aid kits or to purchase a Curaplex Stop the Bleed kit, call our team at 866-349-4362 or visit the Cardio Partners website.

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CPR for Pets

A Step-by-Step Guide to Performing CPR on Your Cat or Dog

Did you know that a whopping 84.6 million families own a pet (American Pet Products Association)? That’s 68% of all American households! For animal lovers, our pets are part of the family. We love them, we cherish them, and we turn to them for comfort. They bring us joy and they make us laugh.

Although our animals are beloved members of the family, how many of us are prepared to perform life-saving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the event our furry friend’s heart stops beating?


Recommendations for CPR in Dogs and Cats

CPR is a combination of chest compression and artificial respiration. It is typically performed when you cannot feel or hear your pet’s heartbeat. Once the animal stops breathing, the heart will go into cardiac arrest and stop beating.

According to American Veterinary Medical Foundation, in 2012, more than 100 veterinary specialists from around the world reviewed scientific papers related to CPR in animals to put together comprehensive guidelines for veterinarians and pet owners. General recommendations include:

  • Perform 100 to 120 chest compressions per minute.
  • Compressions should be performed with the animal lying on its side and should be as deep as one-third to one-half of the chest width.
  • Ventilate intubated dogs and cats at a rate of 10 breaths per minute. For mouth-to-snout ventilation, maintain a compression-to-artificial respiration ratio of 30-2.
  • Perform CPR in 2-minute cycles. If possible, switch the person performing the compressions with each cycle.
  • In a medical setting, administer vasopressors every 3 to 5 minutes during CPR.

A free special issue of the Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care covers the development of the guidelines as well a detailed evidence analysis.

How to Perform Artificial Respiration and CPR on Your Pet

First, check for a heartbeat by watching for the rise or fall of the chest, feel for breath using your hand, or check the gums — they will turn blue from lack of oxygen. Make sure the animal’s airway is clear and free from obstructions.

At this point, it’s important to note that performing CPR on an animal that is healthy and has a heartbeat can cause physical complications and may even be fatal. If your pet’s chest is not moving and you cannot detect a heartbeat, begin CPR with chest compressions immediately.

Next, prepare to begin chest compressions. The American Red Cross recommends placing your hands on your pet as follows:

    • For cats, small dogs and puppies, place the heel of one of your hands directly over the pet’s heart and place your other hand on top of the first hand.
    • For deep-chested dogs, place the heel of one hand over the widest part of the chest and place your other hand directly over the first hand.
    • For barrel chested dogs, place the dog on its back, place one hand over the widest part of the sternum, and place your other hand on top of the first hand. Lock your elbows and make sure your shoulders are directly above your hands.

Once your hands are in place, push hard and fast at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute, again compressing one-third to one-half the width of your pet’s chest. Make sure that the animal’s chest returns to its normal position before compressing again to ensure oxygen is entering the body.

After you’ve performed 30 chest compressions, begin giving rescue breaths. “To give rescue breaths, gently close the pet’s mouth and extend the pet’s neck to open the airway. Cover your pet’s nose with your mouth and exhale until you see the pet’s chest rise. Give a second rescue breath” (American Red Cross).

Continue giving CPR with a cycle of 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths until your pet begins breathing. Check for breathing and a heartbeat every two minutes.

To learn more about animal first aid or to complete an online cat and dog first aid training, visit

For more information on the importance of CPR for humans, read our post, 10 Reasons Why You Should Learn CPR. Cardio Partners offers CPR, First Aid, AED, and bloodborne pathogen training courses in all 50 states in traditional classroom settings and in blended learning courses. To learn more about our courses or to schedule a training, call our team at 866-349-4362 or email Cardio Partners at

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